Brown, John

(1800–59)
   Rebel.
   Brown was a native of Connecticut. From 1854, he became convinced that he was divinely appointed to lead the campaign against slavery in the Union. Although he was probably mentally unbalanced, he organised a guerrilla campaign against the slave owners of Kansas and in 1856, he led an attack which resulted in five men being hacked to death in their homes. In 1859 he tried to set up a new free state as a slave refuge and centre for his operations. To this end, with twenty-one followers, he attacked the weapon store at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia. The attack was easily repulsed by the United States army and Brown was arrested. Subsequently he was tried and hanged for treason. He is remembered as the hero of the marching song, ‘John Brown’s body lies a-mouldering in the grave/But his soul goes marching on’.
   S.B. Oates, To Purge his Land with Blood: A Biography of John Brown (1970);
   J. Rossbach, Ambivalent Conspirators: John Brown, the Secret Six and the Theory of Slave Violence (1982).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brown,John — Brown, John. 1800 1859. American abolitionist. In 1859 Brown and 21 followers captured the U.S. arsenal at Harper s Ferry as part of an effort to liberate Southern slaves. His group was defeated, and Brown was hanged after a trial in which he won …   Universalium

  • Brown, John —    John Brown, assistant director of the Scottish Film Council from 1970 to 1989, is a Scottish screenwriter and critic who produced several television series, including The Justice Game. Brown wrote a chapter on STANLEY KUBRICK entitled “The… …   The Encyclopedia of Stanley Kubrick

  • Brown, John — I born 1735, Buncle, Berwickshire, Scot. died Oct. 17, 1788, London, Eng. British physician. He propounded the excitability theory published in Elementa medicinae (1780), which classified diseases as over or understimulating and held that… …   Universalium

  • BROWN, JOHN —    1) American slavery abolitionist; settled in Kansas, and resolutely opposed the project of making it a slave state; in the interest of emancipation, with six others, seized on the State armoury at Harper s Ferry in hope of a rising, entrenched …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Brown, John — ► (1800? 59) Abolicionista estadounidense. Fue considerado un mártir. * * * I (1735, Buncle, Berwickshire, Escocia–17 oct. 1788, Londres, Inglaterra). Médico británico. Propuso la teoría de la excitabilidad, publicándola en Elementa medicinae… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brown, John Robert — ▪ 1994       U.S. judge (b. Dec. 10, 1909, Funk, Neb. d. Jan. 22, 1993, Houston, Texas), as a federal judge (1955 67) and chief justice (1967 79) of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit, played a pivotal role in championing and enforcing …   Universalium

  • Brown, John Gordon — (1827 1896). Brother of George Brown. Born in Scotland. Educated in Edinburgh and New York. In 1844 engaged on the Toronto Globe; in 1851 editor, and in 1880 managing director. In 1882 retired from the Globe; appointed registrar of the Surrogate… …   The makers of Canada

  • Brown, John Mason — (1900 1969)    The eminent drama critic, born in Louisville, Kentucky, studied under George Pierce Baker in the 47 Workshop at Harvard University, where he graduated in 1923. In 1925, Brown became the first string critic for THEATRE ARTS, then… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Brown, John Storrow —    P With Papineau at St. Charles meeting, 1837, 125; preaches rebellion, 126; heads the Patriotes at St. Charles, 128, 133; charged with cowardice, 133; his letter to Dr. Nelson, 133.    Bib.: Christie, History of Lower Canada …   The makers of Canada

  • John Brown (abolitionist) — John Brown Daguerreotype of Brown, ca.1856. Born May 9, 1800(1800 05 09) Torrington, Connecticut Died …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.